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How to Write an Academic Essay with References and Citations

The second quotation used in the paragraph came from page 12. According to Smith , you must be aware of citation rules to avoid plagiarism in your essay. All the citation rules might seem too complicated, especially if you haven’t dealt with them before. One of the reasons for that could be the fact that students neglect to buy a corresponding style manual or to consult with their tutor. Before we get to all the different cases that change the way to cite an article in your essay, we must clarify a couple of things first. For an in-depth look at how to correctly cite your sources in the text of your paper. CiteFast citation generator provides both complete APA Citations and also pre-formatted In-text Citations.

  1. In-text citations point the reader to the sources’ information on the references page.
  2. Write out the author’s last name, then list the numerical page number.
  3. Including a list of Works Cited at the end of an essay is not enough.
  4. Keep in mind that the author may be an organization rather than a person.
  5. To introduce a quote in an essay, don’t forget to include author’s last name and page number or author, date, and page number in your citation.
  6. MLA style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.
  7. You could accidentally change the meaning of the quotation and falsely claim the author said something they did not.

Note, however, that the titles of academic journals use special rules. There are different ways you can write reference list citations based on the citation style. In-text citations are brief forms of reference that you include in your text’s body. These citations give enough information to uniquely identify the source in your reference list. It is difficult to not find an essay with in-text citations since they’re required before you can add a reference list. For published works, the titles are italicized and capitalized. On the other hand, you do not italicize the titles of unpublished works.

Signaling Sources in the Body of a Paper

A citation in an essay is a reference to the source of information you’ve used in your essay research. You can write citations either as in-text citations or reference list citations, otherwise known as end-of-paper citations. In-text citations are written within the text of your academic presentation or paper, referring the reader to a fuller notation.

  1. To Avoid Plagiarism – Citations allow researchers to properly quote the work of others.
  2. You might need to cite sources when writing a paper that references other sources.
  3. This handout focuses on how to format in-text citations in APA.
  4. If a paragraph has several quotations from a single source, one parenthetical citation can be placed at the end of the sentence.
  5. Knowing how to include citations in an essay is important.
  6. She specializes in education and technical communication.

Citations are placed in-text or at the end in a reference list. Using citations in an essay is necessary whenever you directly paraphrase, quote, or summarize the key elements of someone else’s idea in your writing. For sources with three or more authors, use the first name and surname of the first author followed by “and others” or “and colleagues” (e.g., Mary Strine and others). In subsequent definition argumentative essay citations, use only the surname of the first author followed by “and others” or “and colleagues” (e.g., Strine and others). If an online work has no DOI but has a URL, include the URL in the reference when citing websites without DOIs, not including academic research databases. These are alphanumeric strings identifying unique content while providing a persistent link to their locations.

How to Cite Something in An Essay In

If the author’s name is not provided in the text, it should be included with the year of publication in the parenthetical reference. If the author’s name is used in the text, you must use parenthetical references to show the year of publication. Chicago Style does not specify any format when the source text has no author.

how to quote a article in an essay

When there is no date of publication listed for a source, include the abbreviation “n.d.” in place of the date. A single in-text citation may be placed at the end of the paragraph. Page numbers should be included for each quotation organized by placement in the paragraph. In the following example, the first quotation from Smith appeared on page 43 of the text.

Top 10 Qualities of Good Academic Research

Note that the first letter after the quotation marks should be upper case. According to MLA guidelines, if you change the case of a letter from the original, you must indicate this with brackets. Type the title of the essay in title case, capitalizing the first word and every noun, pronoun, adjective, adverb, and verb. Add page numbers if you quote directly from the source.

All references should be listed alphabetically by the first author’s last name. The page must be labeled “References” in bold and centered at the top of the page. There should be no underlines or quotation marks on the title. You should include page numbers in the parentheses after the year of publication, separated by a colon, with no spaces.

Examples of APA Reference List

In academic research, it is standardized by many institutions. And, publication venues such as conferences and journals are somehow strict about their formats. to kill a mockingbird essay Hence, it is best for students with PhD degrees and aspiring researchers to know how to cite a research paper and other sources in their works.

how to quote a article in an essay

Should other texts appear within the parenthetical citation, one should use commas around the year. Furthermore, it is highly discouraged for writers to cite themselves especially when their works are unrelated.

How to Cite a Chapter in a Book in APA

When organizations or corporate authors are the author of a text, the name of the organization may be shortened to its most basic title. A title fragment should be used to make a connection between the use of the source and the citation for the source on the Works Cited page. Based in Virginia, Susan Harlow is an adjunct English professor and writing resource coordinator.

The third seems to treat the band as one of a collection of bands with political agendas. In either case, the reader will know to look for “Aristotle” in your Works Cited to find the rest of the information about your source. If the same author appears as the first author in multiple references, arrange them alphabetically by the second author’s last name.

MLA citation examples with references

For sources where there is no author, the title is moved to the first position in your list of citations. Therefore use the title, or a shortened version of it, for your in-text citation, followed by the page # , or date, p. [or pp.] # . Add the how to cite author in essay title and editor of the larger work along with page numbers for the essay. Type the word “In” followed by the title of the larger work in italics. Place a comma after the title, then add the words “edited by” followed by the editor’s name.

You start and close the quotes with opening and closing quotation marks whenever you’re quoting text. In-text citations are necessary whenever you paraphrase or quote a source in your academic writing.

How To Cite a Research Paper: Citation Styles Guide

Keep in mind that the author may be an organization rather than a person. For sources with no author, use the title in place of an author. This means only including a works cited page at the end of the paper is not sufficient. The MLA Parenthetical (In-text) Citation Quick Guideand Extra Help words that introduce quotes or paraphrases boxes were based on the ones found in theI.B. Theatre – Director’s Notebook guidecreated by Nancy O’Donnell, School Library Media Specialist, for Kenmore West High School Library in Kenmore, New York. The titles of books in the Bible and other famous literary works should be abbreviated.

  1. Every source you cite in your paper or essay must also appear in the references list.
  2. If there are 21 authors or more, include the first 19 authors’ names, then insert an ellipsis before adding the final author’s name.
  3. Based in Virginia, Susan Harlow is an adjunct English professor and writing resource coordinator.
  4. Also, use an ampersand “&” before the final author’s name and put one space between initials.
  5. Sometimes you may be asked to include these — especially if you have used a parenthetical style of citation.

The purpose of a style guide is to provide writers with formatting instructions. If your professor has not assigned a style guide, they should still be able to recommend one. You can avoid plagiarism and show readers where to find information by using citations and references. Whatever your field of expertise, our academic articles will help you navigate the writing process. To introduce a quote in an essay, don’t forget to include author’s last name and page number or author, date, and page number in your citation. Shown below are some possible ways to introduce quotations. After the author’s name, type the title of the essay in title case, capitalizing the first word and all nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, and verbs in the title.

APA Style

Cited texts should be arranged by author name or by date; arrangement should be consistent throughout the paper. If the author’s name is mentioned in the text, use a parenthetical reference to show the year of publication at the end of the sentence. Documentation 2, also called the Author-Date style, requires the use of parenthetical references in the text of the essay as well as a list of References. For further information on note format or other issues related to citing sources using the Chicago style, seeThe Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed. This style is the most commonly adopted one in the fields of health and social sciences.

  1. “This article helped me know the proper way to cite my essay.”
  2. Hence, it is best to check the author’s instructions page on their websites and articles that have already been published for reference.
  3. This is especially true when dealing with in-text citations.
  4. These guidelines are used for all citations, whether it’s referencing a video, journal article, or report.
  5. In subsequent citations, use only the surname of the first author followed by “and others” or “and colleagues” (e.g., Strine and others).
  6. For authors with multiple cited works, include a shortened version of the title within the citation.
  7. You can save a lot of time and energy simply by asking “How should I cite my sources,” or “What style of citation should I use?” before you begin writing.
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